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These majors need "fire" in the future! Official publicity of the Ministry of education!

Hits: 3897167 2020-05-04

artificial intelligence
Selected Majors: Computer Science and technology, automation (Graduate stage is called control science and Engineering), software engineering
Recommended Universities: Peking University, Tsinghua University, Fudan University, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Harbin University of technology, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Huazhong University of science and technology, Nanjing University, Southeast University, Beijing University of Posts and telecommunications, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Beijing University of science and technology, Tongji University, East China University of science and technology, Shandong University
Employment prospects:
The research in the field of artificial intelligence includes robot, language recognition, image recognition, natural language processing and expert system.
It is reported that in 2020, the scale of China's AI industry is expected to exceed 150 billion yuan. At present, China's AI talent gap is more than 5 million, with a supply-demand ratio of 1:10.
For a long time in the future, the excellent talents of artificial intelligence are the important resources for enterprises to compete for. With the strong support of national policies, the prospect is very broad.
Integrated circuit
Selected major: integrated circuit design and integrated system
Recommended Universities: Tsinghua University, Southeast University, Huazhong University of science and technology, Tianjin University, Shandong University, Xiamen University, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, University of Electronic Science and technology, Xi'an University of Electronic Science and technology, Xi'an University of Posts and telecommunications, South China University of technology, Dalian University of Technology
Employment prospects:
Integrated circuit actually involves our national economy, national defense and other aspects. At present, China's integrated circuit industry is in a period of rapid growth. It is estimated that in 2020, the total output value of the integrated circuit design industry will exceed 300 billion yuan. Therefore, the demand for technical and design talents is very strong, and the employment prospects are broad.
It can be engaged in the design of communication, radar, electronic countermeasure and other electronic systems at home and abroad, as well as the R & D and design of microelectronic products;
Can be engaged in research, design, technology development, teaching, management and equipment maintenance in high-tech enterprises, national defense and military enterprises, government departments, posts and telecommunications related to the communication industry;
Can be engaged in the research and development of integrated circuit design in various scientific research institutes;
Can be engaged in teaching work in the field of Higher Education (especially in Colleges of science and Engineering);
Jobs: Hardware Engineer, electronic engineer, electrical engineer, integrated circuit design engineer, analog integrated circuit design engineer, senior hardware engineer, etc.
E-commerce Major
The major of e-commerce is a new interdisciplinary subject integrating computer science, marketing, management, economics, law and modern logistics. E-commerce specialty for short.
Employment direction:
After graduation, I can be engaged in backstage operation (network operation) of banks, web page design, website construction and maintenance of enterprises and institutions, or network editing, website content maintenance and network marketing (including international trade), marketing planning of enterprises' goods and services, or customer relationship management, e-commerce project management, planning and operation of e-commerce activities Work on the development and maintenance of e-commerce system and E-commerce Teaching in schools at all levels. This major is suitable for postgraduate entrance examination and civil service.
clinical medicine
"Clinical" is to visit the hospital bed in person, which is to study the etiology, pathogenesis and pathological process of the disease from the overall perspective according to the clinical performance of the patient, and then determine the diagnosis, so as to minimize the disease, alleviate the patient's pain, restore the patient's health and protect the labor force through prevention and treatment. Clinical medicine is the science of directly treating patients and diseases.
The main characteristics of clinical medicine major are: high score, long learning system, strict requirements and heavy burden of study.
Employment direction:
1. To engage in clinical work in hospitals or medical institutions at all levels, that is, to be a doctor. After graduation, there is no division of major. It depends on the needs of each department of the hospital. Of course, personal interest will be considered properly.
2. Examination of civil servants, in the Ministry of health and at all levels of health, drug administration, inspection and Quarantine Bureau, customs and other administrative departments engaged in related work.
3. Engaged in teaching, scientific research and other work in Institutions of higher learning and medical research institutes.
4. Engaged in management and sales in pharmaceutical and medical device manufacturing and sales enterprises.
5. Engaged in health examination, health management and health knowledge popularization in health examination center, health management organization and other units. Or in rehabilitation, beauty, home care, elderly care, hospice care and other units engaged in related work.
6. Work in some related cross fields, such as medical loss auditor of insurance company, etc.
Public health and Preventive Medicine
Selected major: Preventive Medicine
Preventive medicine is a science that takes "environment population health" as the model, takes population as the research object, takes prevention as the main ideological guidance, uses modern medical knowledge and methods to study the law of the environment's impact on health, formulates measures to prevent human diseases, and realizes the purpose of promoting health, preventing disability and disease.
Employment direction:
The field of employment of preventive medicine is very wide, involving various related specialties in medical and non-medical fields. The medical field can be engaged in clinical work (enter the infectious diseases department). Engaged in clinical scientific research (into the Institute of epidemics and endemic diseases), or engaged in health prevention, health publicity and popularization, health management, social medicine research and other related work. Non medical field can be engaged in environmental protection and monitoring, customs quarantine, etc.
Pension service management
Selected Majors: nursing, elderly service and management (specialty)
Recommended Universities: Central South University, Second Military Medical University, Peking Union Medical College, Capital Medical University, Sichuan University, Peking University, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing University of traditional Chinese medicine, Zhejiang University, Shandong University, Beijing Youth Political College, Beijing Vocational College of economics and technology, Tianjin Medical College
Employment prospects:
Nursing specialty can enter the hospital to be a clinical nurse, or be a nurse in community health service center, first aid station, beauty hospital, etc.
Nursing for the aged is engaged in clinical nursing, community nursing and rehabilitation health care in nursing homes.
With the transformation of our country into an aging society, the demand for talents engaged in geriatric medicine will rise in a straight line in the future, and health care doctors and family nurses will also become popular talents. In addition, the demand for personal care personnel will increase.
However, the current pension nursing system in China is not perfect, the quality of employees is low, and the income is low.
Theoretically, employment requires the national qualification certificate. The occupation is divided into four levels, namely primary, intermediate, senior and technician. The higher the level is, the higher the salary will be. Now the common monthly salary is 3000-6000 yuan, but more and more young people choose to join in the elderly care industry.
In fact, in addition to the real elderly care work, we can also be engaged in marketing and management work in the elderly care company.
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